What is an MPPT Solar Inverter?

Last Updated on July 11th, 2023

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For those not Privy, an MPPT stands for Maximum Power Point Tracking, a feature that can aid an inverter hooked up to the later power grids.

These units ensure that the Solar Panel Inverter works efficiently throughout the day and when collectible photon radiation is being reflected.

With a unit like this, a solar panel owner can design daily plans for collecting power and even use the features to program a rotating setup to track the sun’s progression.

Of course, there are also going to be certain protections that will prevent any overheating or damage to the system.

A solar inverter attached to a metal wall - what is MPPT?

What does an MPPT Inverter do?

The primary purpose of the MPPT to inverter system is to guide the energy storage and production processes by regulating the panel’s photovoltaic energy intake and placing it in either battery storage or added to the larger power grid.

When introduced to a solar panel collection setup, the software will be enabled to track the sun and improve the system’s overall efficiency.

The hardware has the ability to control the flow of power coming in from the solar collection units and maximize the transfer from D/C (P/C) to A/C for the batteries to store energy more effectively.


What is the Difference between MPPT and an inverter?

The main differences between the Maximum Power Point Tracking device and an inverter will be their functions. The inverter is the hardware that physically converts the incoming energy from the sun and turns it into a usable D/C or A/C current for the power grid.

The MPPT is more of an add-on to the Inverter system, which uses the system’s software to create the most efficient and effective way of taking in and storing power. However, the hardware cannot physically change the photonic energy into a usable form.


How does an MPPT work?

When the MPPT is hooked up with an Inverter, it becomes a booster for the solar power collection system.

As the system collects the photon radiation from the sun, it sends it through the wiring system to the inverter, and at this point, the MPPT will enact the most efficient plan for the energy conversion and where it is to be sent down the grid.

The hardware helps the other pieces of hardware function better and more efficiently while helping the overall grid communicate to do the same on a larger scale.


Will an MPPT overcharge a battery?

The risk of most basic systems would be the occurrence of overcharging, which can cause overheating and other physical damage to the system.

What the MPPT does is help prevent this and add a layer of protection against this sort of system failure; by communicating with the collection system and funneling the power to the larger power grid when the collection levels peak.

In short, no, the MPPT is the unit that a system owner will purchase to prevent the system from failing and supervise the hardware.


Can MPPT work without a Battery?

Some solar collection farms will solely send power to the larger power grid, and you will typically find these at the more significant sites outside the residential plots.

These units must be programmed to act more as a regulator than a stream control unit, therefore, an MPPT unit cannot work without a battery.

The protection offered by the MPPT unit prevents overcharging, over-discharging, and short-circuit protections for the storage batteries. The only time the MPPT communicates with the larger grid is when the batteries are full.

There are some instances where lower-power solar collectors use a customized MPPT, but IT professionals will find ways around normal regulations.


Final Thoughts on What is an MPPT Solar Inverter

For the best results on your home solar panel setup, have an MPPT to regulate the flow of power and protect your battery storage systems.

There will be obvious signs of performance improvements when it comes to using the power stored and when the bill comes each month telling you that the energy company paid you a certain amount for your surplus power.

If you are solely providing power to the grid at large, be sure to find a regulation device to help perform a similar function to the MPPT, efficiency is key when it comes to power collection and distribution.

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